Where is Orange Juice Produced?
Oranges are grown primarily in the Western hemisphere. Florida (in the U.S.) and Brazil are the two epicentres of orange production.
Brazil was the largest producer of oranges in the world in 2012, producing 18 million tons, followed by the U.S. (8.1 million tons), China (6.5 million tons) and India (5 million tons).
Brazil is the largest producer of oranges and frozen concentrated orange juice worldwide, producing around 33% of the world’s oranges. Brazil’s orange production is as high as the next three producers combined. It boasts of nearly 250 million orange trees, and oranges form Brazil’s third largest agriculture market.
Sao Paulo in the southeastern region creates 80% of the country’s oranges. 99% of Brazil’s oranges are exported and 53% of the world’s FCOJ comes from this region.
The U.S. is the second largest producer and supplies around 15% of the world’s total supply of oranges. More than 70% of the oranges produced in the U.S. are used for juicing.
Florida, California, Texas and Arizona lead in orange production. The majority of California’s oranges are consumed as fresh fruits, while Florida’s oranges are turned into juice.
Most of the U.S. orange crop is geographically concentrated in just one reason—Florida. Orange juice is the official beverage of Florida—which says a lot about the importance of Florida in the orange juice markets. In fact, almost 90% of Florida’s oranges are used to make orange juice. Florida’s production is nearly half of Brazil’s, 90% of which is consumed domestically. Most of the juice from Florida is sold fresh in the U.S.
Together the U.S. and Brazil produce 60% of the world’s oranges. Mexico is responsible for around 8% of the world’s production. Other significant orange producers include Spain, India, Italy, China and Iran.
How is Orange Juice Used?
The U.S. has experienced a 34% fall in demand over the past decade. According to the USDA, the U.S. consumed 701,000
MT of orange juice in 2013—which represented a fall of 9.95% since 2012 alone.
But the demand from Asian countries is on the rise. South Korea is the world’s second largest importer of orange juice from the U.S. It removed a heavy tax on U.S. orange juice in 2012, and has imported millions of gallons of concentrated orange juice since then.